The EACH Charter sets out standards for children's health care at times of illness.
The Charter was adopted by twelve non-governmental voluntary organisations at their first European conference held in Leiden, Netherlands in 1988.
Most of the organisations that were present, have been set up to give advise, information and support to families with sick children. Together they formulated ten points, setting out the rights of children before, during and after their stay in hospital.
In 2001, at the 7th EACH Conference in Brussels, Belgium, all member organisations agreed to a number of annotations to support the implementation of the EACH CHARTER.
The EACH Co-ordinating committee agreed on an update of the annotations at its Committee meeting in Stockholm (Oktober 2015).
The context of the EACH CHARTER and its annotations is as follows:
- All rights mentioned in the Charter, and all measures taken or derived from the Charter, must in the first place be in the best interest of children, and enhance their well-being.
- The rights mentioned in the Charter apply to all sick children, in-patients and out-patients alike, regardless of their illness, age, disability, origin, social or cultural background, reason for treatment, type and place of treatment.
- The EACH Charter is in line with similar, binding rights stipulated in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and refers to children aged between 0 and 18 years.
- The EACH Charter relates to the UNCRC General Comment No 15 (2013) on the child’s right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24), and to the UNCRC General Comment No. 4 (2003) on adolescent health and development.